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CLC number: R651.2

On-line Access: 2019-03-01

Received: 2018-06-23

Revision Accepted: 2018-09-03

Crosschecked: 2019-01-09

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

An-kai Xu

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4971-6168

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2019 Vol.20 No.3 P.205-218

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1800280


Comprehensive therapeutics targeting the corticospinal tract following spinal cord injury


Author(s):  An-kai Xu, Zhe Gong, Yu-zhe He, Kai-shun Xia, Hui-min Tao

Affiliation(s):  Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   huimintao@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Spinal cord injury (SCI), Comprehensive strategy, Corticospinal tract, Neuroprotective, Development, Glial, Transplantation, Training, Electrical stimulation


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An-kai Xu, Zhe Gong, Yu-zhe He, Kai-shun Xia, Hui-min Tao. Comprehensive therapeutics targeting the corticospinal tract following spinal cord injury[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2019, 20(3): 205-218.

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Abstract: 
spinal cord injury (SCI), which is much in the public eye, is still a refractory disease compromising the well-being of both patients and society. In spite of there being many methods dealing with the lesion, there is still a deficiency in comprehensive strategies covering all facets of this damage. Further, we should also mention the structure called the corticospinal tract (CST) which plays a crucial role in the motor responses of organisms, and it will be the focal point of our attention. In this review, we discuss a variety of strategies targeting different dimensions following SCI and some treatments that are especially efficacious to the CST are emphasized. Over recent decades, researchers have developed many effective tactics involving five approaches: (1) tackle more extensive regions; (2) provide a regenerative microenvironment; (3) provide a glial microenvironment; (4) transplantation; and (5) other auxiliary methods, for instance, rehabilitation training and electrical stimulation. We review the basic knowledge on this disease and correlative treatments. In addition, some well-formulated perspectives and hypotheses have been delineated. We emphasize that such a multifaceted problem needs combinatorial approaches, and we analyze some discrepancies in past studies. Finally, for the future, we present numerous brand-new latent tactics which have great promise for curbing SCI.

脊髓损伤后针对皮质脊髓束的综合治疗策略

概要:本文根据脊髓不同传导束之间存在竞争以及其再生需要的条件存在异质性,得出优先关注皮质脊髓束的结论.同时,旨在通过归纳目前治疗脊髓损伤(特别是对皮质脊髓束)有效的各种策略,寻找治疗脊髓损伤的最佳策略组合.脊髓损伤的恢复涉及众多方面的问题,单一策略的失效(如本文提及的SOX11的过度表达反而对功能有害)往往提示治疗方案需要综合其它方面的问题.因此,有必要总结一下脊髓损伤治疗的几个关键方面,并梳理一套可能的治疗路线规划.本文另一目的在于对过去一些关键理论、假说、矛盾进行总结,并在此基础上进行新的综合和思考.
关键词:脊髓损伤;综合策略;皮质脊髓束;神经保护;发育学;神经胶质细胞;移植;康复训练;电刺激

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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