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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2003 Vol.4 No.6 P.753-755

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2003.0753


Effects of breakfast with different calorigenic amounts on blood glucose, insulin and glucagon levels


Author(s):  HUANG Su-xia, FU Yun-xing, WANG Hui-ming, GIANG Sylvia

Affiliation(s):  Sir Run Run Show Hospital,College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310016, China; more

Corresponding email(s): 

Key Words:  Calorigenic amounts, Blood glucose, Insulin, Glucagon, Breakfast


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HUANG Su-xia, FU Yun-xing, WANG Hui-ming, GIANG Sylvia. Effects of breakfast with different calorigenic amounts on blood glucose, insulin and glucagon levels[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2003, 4(6): 753-755.

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%A WANG Hui-ming
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T1 - Effects of breakfast with different calorigenic amounts on blood glucose, insulin and glucagon levels
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A1 - GIANG Sylvia
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 4
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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Abstract: 
This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between breakfast and serum glucose, insulin and glucagon concentrations in order to establish a model breakfast appropriate for Chinese. Twenty-four volunteers were randomly assigned to four study groups: high carbohydrate breakfast, high fat and protein breakfast, the typical breakfast and fasting. Each subject had serum and urine samples collected while fasting and at 1,2 and 3.5 hours following the meal. The concentration of serum glucose, insulin and glucagon was measured. The levels of serum glucose in group A,B and C differed significantly at 1 and 2 hour after meal compared to those at fasting (P<0.05). The serum glucose in group A increased insignificantly after meal. The serum insulin levels were in group A,B and C significant different compared with control group(P<0.05).Those peaked at 1 hour after meal,with group C rising the furthest. Compared with the fasting group, the serum glucagons rose and maintained the increase after breakfast in group A,B and C (P<0.05).The data suggested that various diets with different calorigenic amounts increased hormone concentration to various extents. We found that a breakfast rich in carbohydrates could maintain proper blood glucose level.

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Reference

[1]Fischer, K.,Colombali, P.C.,Langhans, W.and Wenk, C., 2001.Cognitive performance and its relationship with postprandial metabolic changes of different macronutrients in the morning.Br-J-Nutr, 85(3):393-405.

[2]Gannon, M.C.,Ercan, N.,Westphal, S.A.and Nattall, F.Q., 1993.Effect of added fat on plasma glucose and insulin response to ingested potato in individuals with NIDDM.Diabetes-Care, 16(6):874-880.

[3]Ke, X.Q.and Yang, M., 1997.Effects of breakfast quality on students blood glucose levels.Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine, 31:218-220 (in Chinese).

[4]Silberba, C.,Frey Rindova, P.and Langhans, W., 1996.Breakfasts with different fiber and macronutrient contents do not differentially affect timing, size or microstructure of the subsequent lunch.Z-Emahrungswis,35(4):356-368.

[5]Yu, H., Yi, C.R., Yang, X.F.and Zhang, G.W., 1995. Effects of diets with different ratio of calorigenic substances on post meal blood glucose and glucose load. Instiute of Aviation Medicine, 6(4):222-225 (in Chinese).

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