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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2006 Vol.7 No.5 P.351-356


Tissue-engineered graft constructed by self-derived cells and heterogeneous acellular matrix

Author(s):  Huang Hui-min, Wu Shao-feng, Ren Hong

Affiliation(s):  Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Shanghai Children’ more

Corresponding email(s):   wenfeik@online.sh.cn

Key Words:  Tissue engineering, Self-derived cells, Heterogeneous acellularized matrix, Transplantation

Huang Hui-min, Wu Shao-feng, Ren Hong. Tissue-engineered graft constructed by self-derived cells and heterogeneous acellular matrix[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2006, 7(5): 351-356.

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author="Huang Hui-min, Wu Shao-feng, Ren Hong",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
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%T Tissue-engineered graft constructed by self-derived cells and heterogeneous acellular matrix
%A Huang Hui-min
%A Wu Shao-feng
%A Ren Hong
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0351

T1 - Tissue-engineered graft constructed by self-derived cells and heterogeneous acellular matrix
A1 - Huang Hui-min
A1 - Wu Shao-feng
A1 - Ren Hong
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 7
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EP - 356
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0351

Background: Endothelial and smooth muscle cells were used as seeding cells and heterogeneous acellularized matrix was used as scaffold to construct the tissue-engineered graft. Methods: A 2 weeks piglet was selected as a donor of seeding cells. Two-centimetre length of common carotid artery was dissected. Endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells were harvested by trypsin and collagenase digestion respectively. The isolated cells were cultured and expanded using routine cell culture technique. An adult sheep was used as a donor of acellularized matrix. The thoracic aorta was harvested and processed by a multi-step decellularizing technique to remove the original cells and preserve the elastic and collagen fibers. The cultured smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells were then seeded to the acellularized matrix and incubated in vitro for another 2 weeks. The cell seeded graft was then transplanted to the cell-donated piglet to substitute part of the native pulmonary artery. Results: The cultured cells from piglet were characterized as endothelial cells by the presence of specific antigens vWF and CD31, and smooth muscle cells by the presence of specific antigen α-actin on the cell surface respectively with immunohistochemical technique. After decellularizing processing for the thoracic aorta from sheep, all the cellular components were extracted and elastic and collagen fibers kept their original morphology and structure. The maximal load of acellular matrix was decreased and 20% lower than that of untreated thoracic aorta, but the maximal tensions between them were not different statistically and they had similar load-tension curves. Three months after transplantation, the animal was sacrificed and the graft was removed for observation. The results showed that the inner surfaces of the graft were smooth, without thrombosis and calcification. Under microscopy, a great number of growing cells could be seen and elastic and collagen fibers were abundant. Conclusion: Cultured self-derived endothelial and smooth muscle cells could be used as seeding cells and heterogeneous acellularized matrix could be used as scaffold in constructing tissue-engineered graft.

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