Full Text:   <2591>

CLC number: Q948.11

On-line Access: 

Received: 2008-07-14

Revision Accepted: 2008-11-04

Crosschecked: 2009-01-14

Cited: 8

Clicked: 5101

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.2 P.103-111

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B0820217


Seasonal changes in tannin and nitrogen contents of Casuarina equisetifolia branchlets


Author(s):  Li-hua ZHANG, Gong-fu YE, Yi-ming LIN, Hai-chao ZHOU, Qi ZENG

Affiliation(s):  MOE Key Lab for Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   linym@xmu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Casuarina equisetifolia, Condensed tannins, Total phenolics, Nitrogen, Seasonal dynamics


Li-hua ZHANG, Gong-fu YE, Yi-ming LIN, Hai-chao ZHOU, Qi ZENG. Seasonal changes in tannin and nitrogen contents of Casuarina equisetifolia branchlets[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(2): 103-111.

@article{title="Seasonal changes in tannin and nitrogen contents of Casuarina equisetifolia branchlets",
author="Li-hua ZHANG, Gong-fu YE, Yi-ming LIN, Hai-chao ZHOU, Qi ZENG",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="10",
number="2",
pages="103-111",
year="2009",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B0820217"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Seasonal changes in tannin and nitrogen contents of Casuarina equisetifolia branchlets
%A Li-hua ZHANG
%A Gong-fu YE
%A Yi-ming LIN
%A Hai-chao ZHOU
%A Qi ZENG
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 10
%N 2
%P 103-111
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2009
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0820217

TY - JOUR
T1 - Seasonal changes in tannin and nitrogen contents of Casuarina equisetifolia branchlets
A1 - Li-hua ZHANG
A1 - Gong-fu YE
A1 - Yi-ming LIN
A1 - Hai-chao ZHOU
A1 - Qi ZENG
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 10
IS - 2
SP - 103
EP - 111
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820217


Abstract: 
seasonal dynamics of total phenolics (TP), extractable condensed tannins (ECT), protein-bound condensed tannins (PBCT), fiber-bound condensed tannins (FBCT), total condensed tannins (TCT), and protein precipitation capacity (PPC) in young, mature and senescent branchlets of Casuarina equisetifolia were studied at Chishan Forestry Center of Dongshan County, Fujian Province, China. In addition, nitrogen contents of branchlets at the different developmental stages were also determined. The contents of TP and ECT, and PPC in young branchlets were significantly higher than those in mature and senescent branchlets through the season. However, PBCT contents were significantly higher in senescent branchlets than those in young and mature branchlets; FBCT fluctuated with season. Young branchlets had the highest N content, which decreased during branch maturity and senescence. The highest contents of TP and the lowest contents of TCT and N in young and mature branchlets were observed in summer. There was a significant negative correlation between TP and N contents. In contrast, TCT contents were positively correlated to N contents. Nutrient resorption during senescence and high TCT:N ratios in senescent branchlets are the important nutrient conservation strategies for C. equisetifolia.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1] Aber, J.D., Melillo, J.M., McClaugherty, C.A., 1990. Predicting long term patterns of mass loss, nitrogen dynamics, and soil organic matter formation from initial fine litter chemistry in temperate forest ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Botany, 68(10):2201-2208.

[2] Aerts, R., 1996. Nutrient resorption from senescing leaves of perennials: are there general patterns? Journal of Ecology, 84(4):597-608.

[3] Aerts, R.J., Barry, T.N., McNabb, W.C., 1999. Polyphenols and agriculture: beneficial effects of proanthocyanidins in forages. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 75(1-2): 1-12.

[4] Asquith, T., Butler, L., 1986. Interactions of condensed taninis with selected proteins. Phytochemistry, 25(7):1591-1593.

[5] Bryant, J.P., Chapin, F.S.III, Klein, D.R., 1983. Carbon/ nutrient balance of boreal plants in relation to vertebrate herbivory. Oikos, 40(3):357-368.

[6] Cates, R.G., Rhoades, D.F., 1977. Patterns in the production of antiherbivore chemical defenses in plant communities. Biochemical Systematics Ecology, 5(3):185-193.

[7] Constantinides, M., Fownes, J.H., 1994. Nitrogen mineralization from leaves and litter of tropical plants: relationship to nitrogen, lignin and soluble polyphenol concentrations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 26(1):49-55.

[8] Covelo, F., Gallardo, A., 2001. Temporal variation in total leaf phenolics content of Quercus robur in forested and harvested stands in northwestern Spain. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique, 79(11): 1262-1269.

[9] Deshpande, S.S., Cheryan, M., Salunkhe, D.K., 1986. Tannin analysis of food products. CRC Critical Review in Food Science and Nutrition, 24(4):401-449.

[10] Feeny, P., 1970. Seasonal changes in oak leaf tannins and nutrients as a cause of spring feeding by winter moth caterpillars. Ecology, 51(4):565-581.

[11] Fierer, N., Schimel, J.P., Cates, R.G., Zou, J.P., 2001. Influence of balsam poplar tannin fractions on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in Alaskan taiga floodplain soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33(12-13):1827-1839.

[12] Gallardo, A., Merino, J., 1992. Nitrogen immobilization in leaf litter at two Mediterranean ecosystems of SW Spain. Biogeochemistry, 15(3):213-228.

[13] Gayler, S., Grams, T.E.E., Heller, W., Treutter, D., Priesack, E., 2007. A dynamical model of environmental effects on allocation to carbon-based secondary compounds in juvenile trees. Annals of Botany, 101(8):1089-1098.

[14] Graham, H.D., 1992. Stabilization of the Prussian blue color in the determination of polyphenols. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 40(5):801-805.

[15] Hagerman, A.E., 1987. Radial diffusion method for determining tannin in plant extracts. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 13(3):437-449.

[16] Hagerman, A.E., 2002. Tannin Chemistry. http://www.users.muohio.edu/hagermae/tannin.pdf

[17] Harper, J.L., 1989. The value of a leaf. Oecologia, 80(1):53-58.

[18] Hättenschwiler, S., Vitousek, P.M., 2000. The role of polyphenols in terrestrial ecosystem nutrient cycling. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 15(6):238-243.

[19] Haukioja, E., Ossipov, V., Koricheva, J., Honkanen, T., Larsson, S., Lempa, K., 1998. Biosynthetic origin of carbon-based secondary compounds: cause of variable responses of woody plants to fertilization? Chemoecology, 8(3):133-139.

[20] Herms, D.A., Mattson, W.J., 1992. The dilemma of plants: to grow or defend. Quarterly Review of Biology, 67(3): 283-335.

[21] Hernes, P.J., Benner, R., Cowie, G.L., Goni, M.A., Bergamaschi, B.A., Hedges, J.I., 2001. Tannin diagenesis in mangrove leaves from a tropical estuary: a novel molecular approach. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(18):3109-3122.

[22] Horner, J.D., Cates, R.G., Gosz, J.R., 1987. Tannin, nitrogen, and cell wall composition of green vs senescent Douglas-fir foliage. Oecologia, 72(4):515-519.

[23] Jones, C.G., Hartley, S.E., 1999. A protein competition model of phenolic allocation. Oikos, 86(1):27-44.

[24] Killingbeck, K.T., 1996. Nutrients in senesced leaves: keys to the search for potential resorption and resorption proficiency. Ecology, 77(6):1716-1727.

[25] Kleiner, K.W., Raffa, K.F., Dickson, R.E., 1999. Partitioning of 14C-labeled photosynthate to allelochemicals and primary metabolites in source and sink leaves of aspen: evidence for secondary metabolite turnover. Oecologia, 119(3):408-418.

[26] Koricheva, J., 1999. Interpreting phenotypic variation in plant allelochemistry: problems with the use of contents. Oecologia, 119(4):467-473.

[27] Kraus, T.E.C., Dahlgren, R.A., Zasoski, R.J., 2003. Tannins in nutrient dynamics of forest ecosystems—a review. Plant and Soil, 256(1):41-66.

[28] Kraus, T.E.C., Zasoski, R.J., Dahlgren, R.A., 2004. Fertility and pH effects on polyphenol and condensed tannin contents in foliage and roots. Plant and Soil, 262(1-2):95-109.

[29] Kuhajek, J.M., Payton, I.J., Monks, A., 2006. The impact of defoliation on the foliar chemistry of southern rata (Metrosideros umbellata). New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 30(2):237-249.

[30] Kuiters, A.T., 1990. Role of phenolic substances from decomposing forest litter in plant-soil interactions. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 27(4):329-348.

[31] Lambers, H., Chapin, F.S., Pons, T.L., 1998. Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA.

[32] Lin, Y.M., Liu, J.W., Xiang, P., Lin, P., Ye, G.F., Sternberg, L.daS.L., 2006. Tannin dynamics of propagules and leaves of Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza in the Jiulong River Estuary, Fujian, China. Biogeochemistry, 78(3):343-359.

[33] Lin, Y.M., Liu, J.W., Xiang, P., Lin, P., Ding, Z.H., Sternberg, L.daS.L., 2007. Tannins and nitrogen dynamics in mangrove leaves at different age and decay stages (Jiulong River Estuary, China). Hydrobiologia, 583(1):285-295.

[34] Loomis, W.E., 1932. Growth-differentiation balance versus carbo-hydrate-nitrogen ratio. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 29:240-245.

[35] Lorio, P.L.Jr., 1986. Growth differentiation-balance: a basis for understanding southern pine beetle-tree interactions. Forest Ecology and Management, 14(4):259-273.

[36] Mae, T., Makino, A., Ohira, K., 1983. Changes in the amounts of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase synthesized and degraded during the life span of rice leaf (Oryza sativa L.). Plant and Cell Physiology, 24(6):1079-1086.

[37] Mafongoya, P.L., Giller, K.E., Palm, C.A., 1997. Decomposition and nitrogen release patterns of tree prunings and litter. Agroforestry Systems, 38(1-3):77-97.

[38] Mafongoya, P.L., Nair, P.K.R., Dzowela, B.H., 1998. Mineralization of nitrogen from decomposing leaves of multipurpose trees as affected by their chemical composition. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 27(2):143-148.

[39] Makkar, H.P.S., Dawra, R.K., Singh, B., 1987. Protein precipitation assay for quantitation of tannins: determination of protein in tannin-protein complex. Analytical Biochemistry, 166(2):435-439.

[40] Makkar, H.P.S., Dawra, R.K., Singh, B., 1988. Changes in tannin content, polymerisation and protein precipitation capacity in oak (Quercus incana) leaves with maturity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 44(4): 301-307.

[41] Mansfield, J.L., Curtis, P.S., Zak, D.R., Pregitzer, K.S., 1999. Genotypic variation for condensed tannin production in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides, Salicaceae) under elevated CO2 and in high- and low-fertility soil. American Journal of Botany, 86(8):1154-1159.

[42] Martin, J.S., Martin, M.M., 1982. Tannin assays in ecological studies: lack of correlation between phenolics, proanthocyanidins and protein-precipitating constituents in mature foliage of six oak species. Oecologia, 54(2): 205-211.

[43] Matthews, S., Mila, I., Scalbert, A., Donnelly, D.M.X., 1997. Extractable and non-extractable proanthocyanidins in barks. Phytochemistry, 45(2):405-410.

[44] McKey, D., 1974. Adaptive patterns in alkaloid physiology. The American Naturalist, 108(961):305-320.

[45] Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S.L., 1982. Constraints on leaf structure and function in reference to herbivory. BioScience, 32(3):198-206.

[46] Moorby, J., Wareing, P.F., 1963. Ageing in woody plants. Annals of Botany, 27(2):291-308.

[47] Morton, J.F., 1980. The Australian pine or beefwood (Casuarina equisetifolia L.), an invasive “weed” in Florida. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 93:87-95.

[48] Northup, R.R., Dahlgren, R.A., McColl, J.G., 1998. Polyphenols as regulators of plant-litter-soil interactions in northern California’s pygmy forest: a positive feedback? Biogeochemistry, 42(1-2):189-220.

[49] Okuda, T., Yoshida, T., Hatano, T., Yazaki, K., Ashida, M., 1980. Ellagitannins of the casuarinaceae, stachyuraceae and myrtaceae. Phytochemistry, 21(12):2871-2874.

[50] Osborne, N.J.T., McNeill, D.M., 2001. Characterisation of Leucaena condensed tannins by size and protein precipitation capacity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 81(11):1113-1119.

[51] Pinyopusarerk, K., House, A.P.N., 1993. Casuarina: An Annotated Bibliography of C. equisetifolia, C. junghuhniana and C. oligodon. International Centre for Research in Agrogorestry, Nairobi, Kenya, p.296.

[52] Pinyopusarerk, K., Williams, E.R., 2000. Range-wide provenance variation in growth and morphological characteristics of Casuarina equisetifolia grown in Northern Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 134(1-3): 219-232.

[53] Riipi, M., Ossipov, V., Lempa, K., Haukioja, E., Koricheva, J., Ossipova, S., Pihlaja, K., 2002. Seasonal changes in birch leaf chemistry: are there trade-offs between leaf growth, and accumulation of phenolics? Oecologia, 130(3): 380-390.

[54] Rossiter, M.C., Schultz, J.C., Baldwin, I.T., 1988. Relationships among defoliation, red oak phenolics, and gypsy moth growth and reproduction. Ecology, 69(1):267-277.

[55] Salminen, J.P., Ossipov, V., Haukioja, E., Pihlaja, K., 2001. Seasonal variation in the content of hydrolysable tannins in leaves of Betula pubescens. Phytochemistry, 57(1): 15-22.

[56] Serrano, L., 1992. Leaching from vegetation of soluble polyphenolic compounds, and their abundance in temporary ponds in the Doñana National Park (SW Spain). Hydrobiologia, 229(1):43-50.

[57] Teklay, T., 2004. Seasonal dynamics in the concentrations of micronutrients and organic constituents in green and senesced leaves of three agroforestry species in southern Ethiopia. Plant and Soil, 267(1-2):297-307.

[58] Terrill, T.H., Rowan, A.M., Douglas, G.D., Barry, T.N., 1992. Determination of extractable and bound condensed tannin contents in forage plants, protein concentrate meals and cereal grains. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 58(3):321-329.

[59] Tuomi, J., 1992. Toward integration of plant defence theories. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7(11):365-367.

[60] Wareing, P.F., 1959. Problems of juvenility and flowering in trees. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 56(366): 282-289.

[61] Zhong, C.L., Bai, J.Y., Zhang, Y., 2005. Introduction and conservation of Casuarina trees in China. Forest Research, 18(3):345-350 (in Chinese).

[62] Zucker, W.V., 1983. Tannins: does structure determine function? An ecological perspective. The American Naturalist, 121(3):335-365.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE