Full Text:   <3263>

CLC number: TS201.2

On-line Access: 2013-06-03

Received: 2013-01-09

Revision Accepted: 2013-04-01

Crosschecked: 2013-08-13

Cited: 15

Clicked: 5755

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2013 Vol.14 No.9 P.793-799


Fruit quality, anthocyanin and total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activities of 45 blueberry cultivars grown in Suwon, Korea

Author(s):  Jin Gook Kim, Hong Lim Kim, Su Jin Kim, Kyo-Sun Park

Affiliation(s):  Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea; more

Corresponding email(s):   jgkim119@gnu.ac.kr

Key Words:  Northern highbush blueberry, Half highbush blueberry, Functional food, Fruit quality

Jin Gook Kim, Hong Lim Kim, Su Jin Kim, Kyo-Sun Park. Fruit quality, anthocyanin and total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activities of 45 blueberry cultivars grown in Suwon, Korea[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2013, 14(9): 793-799.

@article{title="Fruit quality, anthocyanin and total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activities of 45 blueberry cultivars grown in Suwon, Korea",
author="Jin Gook Kim, Hong Lim Kim, Su Jin Kim, Kyo-Sun Park",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Fruit quality, anthocyanin and total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activities of 45 blueberry cultivars grown in Suwon, Korea
%A Jin Gook Kim
%A Hong Lim Kim
%A Su Jin Kim
%A Kyo-Sun Park
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 14
%N 9
%P 793-799
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2013
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1300012

T1 - Fruit quality, anthocyanin and total phenolic contents, and antioxidant activities of 45 blueberry cultivars grown in Suwon, Korea
A1 - Jin Gook Kim
A1 - Hong Lim Kim
A1 - Su Jin Kim
A1 - Kyo-Sun Park
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 14
IS - 9
SP - 793
EP - 799
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2013
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1300012

Blueberry fruits from 45 commercial cultivars (39 northern highbush and 6 half highbush blueberry) grown in Suwon, Korea were analyzed for fruit size, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, total anthocyanin content, total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. Fruit characteristics varied widely among the 45 blueberry cultivars. Fruit weight ranged from 0.9 to 3.6 g, soluble solids content from 8.3 to 14.3 °Brix, and titratable acidity from 0.8% to 3.6%. Antioxidant activity ranged from 0.7 to 2.1 mg of quercetin equivalents per gram of fresh berries in different blueberry cultivars. Among the 45 blueberry cultivars, high amounts of anthocyanins and polyphenols, and high antioxidant activity were observed in ‘Elliott’, ‘Rubel’, ‘Rancocas’, and ‘Friendship’.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Ballington, J.R., Ballanger, W.E., Swallow, W.H., Galletta, G.J., Kushiman, L.J., 1984. Fruit quality characterization of 11 Vaccinium species. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 109(5):684-689.

[2]Barnes, J.S., Nguyen, H.P., Shen, S., Schug, K.A., 2009. General method for extraction of blueberry anthocyanins and identification using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion trap-time of flight-mass spectrometry. J. Chormatogr. A, 1216(23):4728-4735.

[3]Castrejón, A.D.R., Eichholz, I., Rohn, S., Kroh, L.W., Huyskens-Keil, S., 2008. Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) during fruit maturation and ripening. Food Chem., 109(3):564-572.

[4]Che, J., Suzuki, S., Ishikawa, S., Koike, H., Ogiwara, I., 2009. Fruit ripening and quality profile of 64 cultivars in three species of blueberries grown in Tokyo. Hort. Res. (Japan), 8(3):257-265 (in Japanese).

[5]Cho, M.J., Howard, L.R., Prior, R.L., Clark, J.R., 2004. Flavonoid glycosides and antioxidant capacity of various blackberry, blueberry and red grape genotypes determined by high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Sci. Food Agric., 84(13):1771-1782.

[6]Connor, A.M., Luby, J.J., Tong, C.B.S., Finn, C.E., Hancock, J.F., 2002a. Genotypic and environmental variation in antioxidant activity, total phenolic contents, and anthocyanin content among blueberry cultivars. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 127(1):89-97.

[7]Connor, A.M., Luby, J.J., Tong, C.B.S., 2002b. Variability in antioxidant activity in blueberry and correlations among different antioxidant activity assays. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 127(2):238-244.

[8]Darnell, R.L., 2006. Blueberry Botany/Environmental Physiology. In: Childers, N.F., Lyrene, P.M. (Eds.), Blueberries. Horticultural Publications, Florida, USA, p.5-13.

[9]Doshi, P., Adsule, P., Banerjee, K., 2006. Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity in grapevine parts and berries (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Kishmish chornyi (Sharad Seedless) during maturation. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 41(s1):1-9.

[10]Dragović-Uzelac, V., Savić, Z., Brala, A., Levaj, B., Kovačević, D.B., Biško, A., 2010. Evaluation of phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of blueberry cultivars (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) grown in the Northwest Croatia. Food Technol. Biotechnol., 48(2):214-221.

[11]Eck, P., Childers, N.F., 1966. Blueberry Culture. Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, p.3-13.

[12]Ehlenfeldt, M.K., Prior, R.L., 2001. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and phenolic and anthocyanin concentrations in fruit and leaf tissues of highbush blueberry. J. Agric. Food Chem., 49(5):2222-2227.

[13]Gough, R.E., 1991. The Highbush Blueberry and its Management. The Haworth Press Food Products Press, New York, USA, p.1-4.

[14]Howard, L.R., Clark, J.R., Brownmiller, C., 2003. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content in blueberries as affected by genotype and growing season. J. Sci. Food Agric., 83(12):1238-1247.

[15]Huang, W.Y., Zhang, H.C., Liu, W.X., Li, C.Y., 2012. Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing. J. Zhejiang Univ.-Sci. B (Biomed. & Biotechnol.), 13(2):94-102.

[16]Huxley, R.R., Neil, H.A.W., 2003. The relation between dietary flavonol intake and coronary heart disease mortality: a meta analysis of prospective cohort studies. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 57(8):904-908.

[17]Joshipura, K.J., Hu, F.B., Manson, J.E., Stampfer, M.J., Rimm, E.B., Speizer, F.E., Colditz, G., Ascherio, A., Rosner, B., Spiegelman, D., et al., 2001. The effect of fruit and vegetable intake on risk for coronary heart disease. Ann. Intern. Med., 134(12):1106-1114.

[18]Kalt, W., Dufour, D., 1997. Health functionality of blueberries. Hort. Technol., 7(3):216-221.

[19]Kalt, W., Ryan, D.A.J., Duy, J.C., Prior, R.L., Ehlenfeldt, M.K., Vander Kloet, S.P., 2001. Interspecific variation in anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity among genotypes of highbush and lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium Section cyanococcus spp.). J. Agric. Food Chem., 49(10):4761-4767.

[20]Kalt, W., Lawand, C., Ryan, D.A.J., McDonald, J.E., Donner, H., Forney, C.F., 2003. Oxygen radical absorbing capacity, anthocyanin and phenolic content of highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) during ripening and storage. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 128(6):917-923.

[21]Kim, J.G., 2011. Blueberry acreage and production in Korea. Blueberry News, 13:2-3 (in Korean).

[22]Krikorian, R., Shidler, M.D., Nash, T.A., Kalt, W., Vinqvist-Tymchuk, M.R., Shukitt-Hale, B., Joseph, J.A., 2010. Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults. J. Agric. Food Chem., 58(7):3996-4000.

[23]Moyer, R.A., Hummer, K.E., Finn, C.E., Frei, B., Wrolstad, R.E., 2002. Anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity in diverse small fruits: Vaccinium, Rubus, and Ribes. J. Agric. Food Chem., 50(3):519-525.

[24]Prior, R.L., Cao, G., Martin, A., Sofic, E., McEwen, J., O′Brien, C., Lischner, N., Ehlenfeldt, M., Kalt, W., Krewer, G., et al., 1998. Antioxidant capacity as influenced by total phenolic and anthocyanin content, maturity, and variety of Vaccinium species. J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7):2686-2693.

[25]Pulido, R., Bravo, L., Saura-Calixto, F., 2000. Antioxidant activity of dietary polyphenolics as determined by a modified ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(8):3396-3402.

[26]Rice-Evans, C.A., Miller, J.N., Paganga, G., 1996. Structure-antioxidant activity relationships of flavonoids and phenolic acids. Free Radic. Biol. Med., 20(7):933-956.

[27]Saftner, R., Polashock, J., Ehlenfeldt, M., Vinyard, B., 2008. Instrumental and sensory quality characteristics of blueberry fruit from twelve cultivars. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 49(1):19-26.

[28]Scalzo, J., Politi, A., Pellegrini, N., Mezzetti, B., Battino, M., 2005. Plant genotype affects total antioxidant capacity and phenolic contents in fruit. Nutrition, 21(2):207-213.

[29]Singleton, V.L., Rossi, J.A., 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 16(3):144-158.

[30]Wang, H., Cao, G., Prior, R.L., 1997. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity of anthocyanin. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45(2):304-309.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE